Causes of Convulsions – AC

Convulsion also known as a seizure, causes a change in the brain’s electrical activity. This change causes the body muscles to contract and relax continuously, which results in a unconstrained shaking of body and loss of control. Other causes of convulsion include fever, meningtis, head injury and hypoglycemia. A convulsion is a symptom of epileptic seizure. Not all seizures are characterized by convulsions. The word ‘’fit’’ is more commonly used instead of convulsion or a seizure.

CAUSES OF CONVULSIONS:

Convulsions are caused by the change in brain’s electrical activity pattern. Most of the times, the cause is not known. Some main causes of convulsions include:

  • Convulsion may be formed by some chemicals in the blood.
  • It is one of the symptoms of meningtis or encephalitis.
  • Severe fever can cause convulsions.
  • Stroke, head trauma and lack of oxygen in the brain can sometimes lead to convulsions and seizures.
  • Some times, genetic defects may cause convulsions in some patients.
  • Diabetes type-1, in which blood sugar remains low can lead to convulsions.
  • A very severe condition of convulsion is caused formed hypoglycemia.

SYMPTOMS OF CONVULSION:

When a person is undergoing the condition of convulsion, he experiences many different symptoms, which include:

  • Drooling
  • Sudden shaking of entire body
  • Uncontrollable muscle spasms
  • Loss of bladder/bowel control
  • Confusions
  • A brief blackout
  • Temporary cessation in breathing
  • Sudden mood changes
  • Clenching teeth
  • Sudden and rapid movements of eye
  • Falling on the ground
  • Grunting

FIRST TREATMENT FOR CONVULSION:

  • Place the patient on the floor on one side.
  • Loosen the patient’s clothing around the neck.
  • Don’t put anything in the patient’s mouth.
  • If the patient vomits, move him onto his side and clear out his mouth.
  • Don’t try to restrain his movements.
  • Call for medical help immediately, if the condition doesn’t stop.

MEDICATIONS FOR CONVULSION:

Below is list some of the most commonly used drugs that are currently used to treat convulsions and epilepsy,

  • (Carbatrol or Tegretol)
  • (Valium )
  • (Ativan)
  • Clonazepam ( Klonopin )
  • Eslicarbazepine (Aptiom)
  • (Zarontin)
  • (Felbatol)

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