Kidney stones in men or renal calculiare solid masses of crystals. Kidney stones in men usually originate in the kidneys, but can develop along the urinary tract anywhere. The urinary tract includes the ureters, kidneys, bladder and urethra.
Kidney stones in men are known to be one of the most painful diseases. The causes of kidney stones on the type of stone vary.
The greatest risk factor for kidney stones is less than one liter of urine per day. This is the reason why kidney stones are common in preterm infants with kidney problems.
Kidney stones in men are more likely between 20 and 40 at the age. Various factors that can increase your. Typically, more likely to have kidney stones Caucasians than African Americans. Sex also plays a role, with more men than women develop kidney stones, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). A history of kidney stones may increase the risk, such as family history of kidney stones.
Other risk factors include:
- High protein, sugar, salt and diet
- Hyperparathyroidism state
- Adjustable Gastric Banding
- Inflammatory bowel disease, increase the calcium absorption
- Take drugs such as diuretics, anticonvulsants and calcium antacids
Identify the symptoms and signs of Kidney stones in men
Kidney stones in men are formed in the kidney. If they remain in the kidney, they do not cause pain usually. When traveling outside the body through the urinary tract pipes (including the ureters, which connect the kidneys to the bladder or urethra, which leads outside the body), their movement may cause:
Kidney stones in men are known to cause severe pain. The symptoms of kidney stones may not occur until the stone begins to move through the ureters. This severe kidney is called colic. You can have pain on one side of the back or abdomen. In men, the pain can radiate to the groin. Renal colic pain comes and goes, but can be very strong. People with renal colic tend to be restless.
No symptoms, if the stone is small enough.
Sudden severe pain that worsens in the waves. The stones can cause severe pain in the back, face, abdomen, groin or genitals. People who often had a describe the pain as the worst pain I've ever had.
Uncomfortable feeling in the stomach (nausea) and vomiting.
Blood in the urine (hematuria), which can occur with either stones, which remain in the kidney or people traveling through the ureters.
Frequent and can cause pain when urinating if the stone has left in the ureter or after stone of the bladder and the urethra occur. When there is a urinary tract infection may appear painful urination.
Other symptoms of Kidney stones in men may include:
- Blood in the urine (pink, red or brown urine)
- Discolored or smelly urine
- Frequent urination
- Urinating larger amounts of urine
Why Kidney stones in men can be a problem
the stones are not always held in the kidney. Sometimes they go from the kidney to the ureter. The ureters are small and delicate, and stones may be too large to pass without any problems with the bladder into the ureter.Ureteral stone passage down the ureter can cause spasms and irritation, as they pass through which causes blood urine inches
Sometimes block the flow of urine stones. This is called urinary obstruction. Urinary blockages can lead to kidney infection (pyelonephritis) and kidney damage.
For testing and diagnosis of Kidney stones in men
The diagnosis of Kidney stones in men requires an assessment of the complete history and physical examination. Other tests include:
- Blood samples for phosphorus, calcium, uric acid and electrolytes
- Blood urea nitrogen and creatinine to assess renal function
- Verification of the stones in the past, the way to determine type
- Urinalysis to check for crystals, bacteria, blood cells and white
The following tests may exclude disability:
- Abdominal radiographs
- IVP (IVP)
- Retrograde pyelography
- Renal ultrasound (this is the preferred study)
- MRI of the abdomen and kidney
- Abdominal scan
How to treat Kidney stones in men
the treatment is tailored to the type of stone. The urine can be collected by filtration and stones forevaluation. Drinking six to eight glasses of water a day increases flow of urine. People who are nausea and vomiting or severe dehydration may require intravenous fluids.
Other treatment options include:
Pain relief can require narcotic medications. The presence of infection requiring treatment with antibiotics. Other drugs are:
- Allopurinol for uric acid
- Sodium citrate or sodium bicarbonate
- Phosphorus Solutions
Lithotripsy uses sound waves to break large stones, so that they can more easily pass through the ureters into the bladder. This procedure can be uncomfortable and can easily require anesthesia. It can cause bruising to the abdomen and back and bleeding around the kidney and the neighbororgans.
The tunnel surgery
the blocks are removed through a small incision in the back, and it may be necessary when:
Stone caused clogging and infection or damages the kidneys
- Stone was too large to pass
- The Pain cannot be controlled
If a stone in the ureter or bladder is adhered, the physician can use a tool called the ureteroscope to remove it. A small wire with an attached device is inserted into the urethra and into the bladder. A small cage is used to bind and remove the stone. The stone is then sent to the laboratory for analysis.
The prevention of Kidney stones in men
Proper hydration is a key preventive measure. Johns Hopkins Medicine recommends drinking 12 glasses of water daily. Drink more fluids increases the amount of urine produced, which helps cleanse the kidneys. The Mayo Clinic recommends 2.5 liters of urine per day. You can substitute a few glasses of water with ginger ale, lemon-lime soda and fruit juices.
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Consuming foods rich in reducing oxalate in moderation and the consumption of salt and animal protein may reduce the risk of kidney stones. Your doctor may prescribe medication to prevent the formaetion of calcium stones and uric acid. If you have had a, or the risk of, talk to your doctor and discuss the best methods of prevention.