Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones becomes brittle and weak. It decreases the bone strength which increases the risk of fracture by even a fall or mild stress like bending. It also happens when the new bones doesn’t form and the old ones doesn’t remove. Osteoporosis fractures mostly occurs in the backbones, hip and forearm.
Researches by National Osteoporosis Foundation have shown that osteoporosis women are at higher risk of getting osteoporosis than men. The reason behind that is, after menopause, bone loss increases due to lower levels of estrogen. White and Asian peoples are also at the greatest risk.
Osteoporosis occurs due to a number of diseases and factors such as hyperthyroidism, anorexia nervosa, alcoholism and kidney diseases. There are certain medication that trigger bone loss and osteoporosis afterwards.
WHAT CAUSES OSTEOPOROSIS?
There are many factors and conditions that lead to bone weakening, bone loss and then osteoporosis. However, osteoporosis is a silent disease. Some risk factors of osteoporosis include:
- Drinking too much alcohol can cause weakening of bones and fractures.
- Excessive smoking is bad for health and bones too.
- Low estrogen levels due to menopause and missing menstrual periods can cause osteoporosis and low testosterone level in men can affect bones.
- An eating disorder known as Anorexia nervosa may be the cause of osteoporosis.
- Low vitamin D and calcium intake can also lead to weakening of bones.
- Some medications such as glucocorticoid medicines, antiepileptics, L-Throxine etc are known to induce the condition of osteoporosis.
- Some genetic factors may also be the cause of osteoporosis.
- Having osteoponia (low bone density) may also lead to osteoporosis.
SYMPTOMS OF OSTEOPOROSIS:
As I said before that osteoporosis is a silent disease, so typically there are no symptoms to identify this disease in its early stages. But as this disease progresses by making your bones weak and brittle, you might get some signs that will show that your bones are at danger zone:
- A bent posture
- Back pain which may be caused by collapsed vertebra
- A bone fracture that easily occurred with a small stress
- Loss of height
- Pain in the joints
TREATMENT OF OSTEOPOROSIS
Osteoporosis can be treated by changing our lifestyle and daily habits. This includes:
- A healthy diet enriched in calcium and vitamin D
- Daily exercise and meditation
- A proper lifestyle
- Preventing falls
There are some medications also that are very effective in treating and preventing osteoporosis. ‘’Bisphosphonates are the most common medication prescribed for osetoporosis’’ says Kurt A. Kennel, a specialist in endocrinology. These medications include:
- Risedronate (Actonel)
- Teriparatide (Forteo)
- Denosumab (Prolia)
- Ibandronate (Boniva)
- Zoledronic acid (Reclast)
- Alendronate (Fosamax)
Osteoporosis is better to prevent than to treat. There are several steps and changes you should make in your lives to make your bones strong and healthy. This can reduce weakening of bones and bone loss.
- Eat a healthy diet containing vitamin D and calcium
- Exercise daily
- Avoid alcohol and smoking
- Try to have a gluten-free diet.
- Include natural diary products in your diet.
- Avoid using steroidal drugs for long
- Check the amount of Serum Calcium in blood, regularly
- Avoid over consumption of soda
- Limit the use of caffeine
- Get a BMD test done in every 6 months