Signs And Symptoms Of Asthma And Copd – AC

Shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, pain in the lungs-people with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease experience these symptoms. The symptoms of these diseases may seem same, but these conditions are very different from each other.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) is a term used for some progressive respiratory diseases like chronic bronchitis and emphysema.It is characterized by low airflow. People with the chronic bronchitis form of COPD find it hard to breathe because their airways become swollen and filled with mucus. This condition is progressive and linked with an abnormal inflammatory response to allergen particle or some sort of gas.

While asthma may show some of the symptoms nearly same as of the symptoms of chronic obstructive disease, but it is completely different from that. Asthma is characterized by airflow limitation. It causes hyperresponsiveness of bronchi and inflammation of the air tract.

It is very easy to mistake asthma over chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at a glance. They resemble each other too much. One of the biggest resemblance of both the conditions is decreased airflow through the lungs. They are often treated with almost same medication.

These two lungs disease are clearly differentiated by pathophysiology.

CAUSES OF COPD AND ASTHMA:

The exact cause of asthma is not known. Some people get asthma and other do not. Some researches have shown that some cases of asthma are related to genetic factors and inheritance. These people are less resistant to the environment.

The cause of COPD is exactly known and cleared. Researches have shown that smoking is the main cause of COPD. About 85 to 90% of all the COPD cases were found to occur due to smoking. In some cases, air pollution, smoke and certain chemicals played a great role. A genetic defect known as alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AAT) were found to upgrade in COPD. But this was found to be responsible for only 2 to 3% of the cases.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ASTHMA AND COPD:

Symptoms of asthma and COPD often don't appear until significant lung damage has occurred.

Symptoms of COPD include:

  • Chronic cough
  • Chronic cough
  • Decreased exercise tolerance
  • Increased disability
  • Weight loss
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness
  • Wheezing
  • Lack of energy
  • Cyanosis (Blueness of lips and nails)

Symptoms of Asthma include:

  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Chest tightness
  • Airway inflammation
  • Constriction of bronchi (Bronchoconstriction)
  • Airway resistance

Various symptoms overlap in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It doesn’t mean that they are two same lung disorders.

TREATMENTS FOR ASTHMA AND COPD:

There are many permanent and temporary treatments available for asthma and COPD. Depending upon the severity of disease, certain treatments are prescribed by the doctor or general physician.

LONG-TERM ASTHMA CONTROL MEDICATIONS:

Inhaled and oral corticosteroids (Anti inflammatory drugs):

  • Fluticasone (Flonase, Flovent HFA)
  • Budesonide (Pulmicort Flexhaler, Rhinocort)
  • Flunisolide (Aerospan HFA)
  • Ciclesonide (Alvesco, Omnaris, Zetonna)
  • Beclomethasone (Qnasl, Qvar), mometasone (Asmanex)
  • Fluticasone furoate (Arnuity Ellipta)
  • Prednisone
  • Methylprednisolone

Leukotriene modifiers (Oral medications):

  • Montelukast (Singulair)
  • Zafirlukast (Accolate)
  • Zileuton (Zyflo)

Beta agonists:

  • Salmeterol (Serevent)
  • Formoterol (Foradil, Perforomist)
  • Albuterol (ProAir HFA, Ventolin HFA, others)
  • Levalbuterol (Xopenex)

And

  • Ipratropium (Atrovert)

MEDICATIONS FOR COPD:

Bronchodilators:

  • Albuterol (ProAir HFA, Ventolin HFA, others)
  • Levalbuterol (Xopenex)
  • Ipratropium (Atrovent)
  • Tiotropium (Spiriva)
  • Salmeterol (Serevent)
  • Formoterol (Foradil, Perforomist)
  • Arformoterol (Brovana)
  • Indacaterol (Arcapta)
  • Aclidinium (Tudorza)

PREVENTION OF ASTHMA AND COPD:

Asthma and COPD have been found to affect more in smokers than the non-smokers. So, in order to prevent these two disease, we should avoid taking tobacco in any form.

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