Skeletal System What Are The Parts Of The Skeletal System

Human body Skeletal System

The human skeletal system is the main system consists of connective tissue organs such as bone, ligaments, tendons and cartilage. The Frame body is made of bone, which is used for protecting the viscera as a protection system and allows the locomotion. Two bones are called by connective tissue associated bands; while the muscles to bones by tendons attached. These compounds provide the system with greater motion and strength. The nose and ears soft parts are made of a flexible connective tissue called cartilage further protect the bone together. These parts form the different organs of the human skeletal system. Skeletal systems in male and female are a bit in some aspects, such as the female pelvis is different to support flat and round delivery. Similarly, the angle of the pelvis and tickets will be also different, as the angle in men, it is 90 degrees, and while in women is 100 degrees.

1. Bone

skeletal system bones

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The most important organ of the skeletal system is the bone. Human skeleton consists of 206 bones in coordination not only provides support and protection of the internal organs (with the help of the attached muscles)but also produces blood cells for the body from the bone-marrow.

2. Joints and Ligaments

skeletal system Joints and Ligaments

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Another important factorof the skeletal system, namely the bands of fibrous tissue collagen is produced, which connects one bone to another bone. This form of attachment into the joint, and allow the bone to move in a particular direction, thereby enhancing the desired direction of body parts, such as hips, elbows, knees, wrists and etc. If stretching ligaments occur more than normal levels, people are called double-seamed.

3. Tendons

Tendons

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As in ligaments, tendons are important organs of the skeletal system, the muscles attach to the bone, thus are more flexible in order to provide a greater range of motion. Tendon contraction pulls the end of the bone which is attached causing the bones to move the walking and running. However, the excessive flexibility of the tendons which are prone to injury and infection. One of these inflammatory conditions such as tendinitis are known to be, tendons red, painful and swollen to move.

4. Cartilage

Cartilage

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Another organ of the skeletal system is the cartilage that is soft and flexible connective tissue. Cartilage not only forms a role in the maintenance and the shape of the human ear and the nose, as well as other organs but also protects the bone against the frictional forces ((which can easily corrode the bones). Cartilage can also be damaged or infected, causing the joint is swollen and tender. In advanced cases it can repair or replacementrequire such as knee replacement operations.

5. Partition of the human skeletal system

human skeleton organs are divided into 2 typesthe appendicular skeleton and the axial skeleton. The axial skeleton briefly in the middle line, namely the axial plane of the body and consists of a total of 80 bones. The central axis of axial skeleton form, and provides protection of vital organs such as the brain from the skull, rib cage, and the heart and the spinal cord is protected by the vertebrae protect the lung protection. In addition, the skeletal body ends appendicular form and consists of 126 total bones. The most important function is to provide a movement appendicularlocomotion and skeleton.

Axial skeleton

It contains the given elements from top to bottom, respectively:
Skull- Including the bones of the skull, face, and ears.
Hyoid- Neck bones for attachment of muscles of the chin and larynx.
Vertebral column-Backbone consist of all the vertebrae of the spine.
Rib contains chest and sternum.

Appendicular skeleton

It contains the following elements from top to bottom, respectively:
Girdle- whose shoulder clavicle and scapula.
Top Limb- containing arm, forearm and hand bones.
Girdle- including hip hipbone.
Under limb- includes leg and foot bones.

Bones Classification based on the shape and size

Human skeletal system bones are divided into four different groups depending on their shape and size. These are irregular bones, long bones, short bones, and flat bones.

The bones of the arms and legs are long in length relative to the width. They are classified as long bones. Similar to the ankle and wrist are short and square with almost the same length relative to its width. That's why they are called short bones. Rib bones and skulls are thin, wide and curved. They are called the flat bones. All these bones, who do not have a particular form and so long cannot be classified, short and flat are irregular bones like hip bones and vertebrae.

Skeletal System Diseases

Here are some of the major diseases of the skeletal system, affecting the skeletal system organs are shown above:

Diseases           

Osteoporosis
This occurs in the population by the loss of bone calcium, making them thinner and easier to break.

Osteomalacia
Vitamin D deficiency in adults causes osteomalacia. The condition is characterized by softening of the bones and slightly more likely to break. Vitamin D deficiency also interferes with the bone remodeling process.

Arthritis
It is the inflammation of the joints, especially joints flexible, such as the neck, shoulders, knees, wrists and lower back. It not only affects the public areas, but also the capsule tissue destroyed and even the surrounding bone.

Scoliosis
it occurs in puberty. It is a condition that is not C or S-shaped folding of the spine and may be seen in x-ray images. This is due to several factors, such as vitamin D deficiency and causes painful vertebral movements that can be facilitated by anti-steroid medications or topical application.

Bone cancer
Primary bone cancer is very rare. In other words, most cases of bone cancer are secondary and are the result of metastasis of primary bone cancer. Leukemia is a cancer of the blood which is normally produced in the bone marrow and the searches characterized by an uncontrolled growth of abnormal white blood cells.

Bursitis
The inflammation of the fluid-filled blisters around the joint space called bursae. It affects usually around the hips and shoulders.


Maintaining healthy organs skeletal system

Take calcium diet with 1000 mg per day of calcium as milk, cheese, broccoli, orange and salmon etc.
 Take vitamin D-rich diet, containing 15mcg of vitamin D per day for an adult as eggs, fish, orange, and cereals, etc.
Make weight of the load exercisesdaily or at least 30 minutes twice a week carries on as push-ups heavily on your bones, sit-ups, and squats, etc.

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